In this posting, we discuss the mindfulness strategy to California addiction rehab center. Mindfulness can be defined as “a non-judgmental method of focusing on emotions in the present moment.”
This simply means mindfulness seeks to let us focus our attention around the present moment. Once your mind wonders for the future or past, or when powerful emotions like cravings arise, mindfulness refocuses our mind for the present moment.
Addiction and cravings are clearly behaviours that harm you both mental and physical health and tied along with compulsion the place you feel just like you can not stop.
Buddhism teachings state that humans hold onto desires and objects that ultimately cause suffering. This includes attachment to objects, people, substances, behaviours and abstract concepts such as identity.
Mindfulness permits us to rid yourself of these desires little by little by increasing our understanding of these desires and compulsions. Through this heightened state of awareness, mindfulness promotes the liberty and motivation to cease harmful activities.
Intense longing for drugs and alcohol is one way humans manifest this wish to ‘hold on’. Mindfulness thus increases our understanding of these desires and ultimately gives us the ability to release these negative desires completely.
Since mindfulness concentrates on the non-judgmental understanding of thoughts, feelings and cravings, patients are discouraged from ‘fighting’ cravings that typically produces a negative state of being.
Before we outline mindfulness and addiction therapy, we shall outline how an addiction arises from the beginning. Essentially, you experience stimuli that creates you feel good about yourself. You remember this good feeling and after that attempt to experience this stimuli that ‘recreates’ these good feelings. Overtime this behaviour is reinforced by either positive or negative affect to the point where cravings arise. You essentially experience urges for such positive feelings to continue.
Alternatively, when certain people are in contact with a specific environment, negative thoughts can lead to negative emotions like anxiety, anger and depression. As a way to reduce this anxiety, the person may use drug or alcohol use. This may result in substance abuse and overtime, a variety of learned situational and emotional cues will work as ‘addiction triggers.’ These triggers “trap” the person therefore the addiction takes hold. Addiction is thus an exaggeration in the basic human want to move toward pleasure and depart from pain.
Negative emotional states and cravings are the primary reason for relapse. Traditional anti-craving medications including topiramate attempt to reduce cravings for drugs and alcohol use. However, these medications are merely effective for a few, and research indicates the effectiveness of these treatments is basically relying on patients’ genetics.
Traditional cognitive therapy likewise targets these cravings. As an illustration, CBT teaches patients to avoid identified triggers of addiction, or to take part in substitute behaviours like gum chewing or chewing carrot sticks instead of smoking. Traditional CBT also seeks to improve belief systems and alter unhealthy ‘automatic thoughts’ that inpatient drug rehab California. In general, these therapies are merely moderately effective. For example, around 70% of smokers wish to quit, but only around 5% succeed when traditional CBT is employed.
Mindfulness requires a different procedure for traditional CBT. Mindfulness tries to uncouple the web link between cravings and drug/alcohol use, and tries to avoid the craving from arising to start with. Mindfulness promotes self-regulating attention so that it is maintained on an immediate experience, thereby allowing for increased recognition of mental events inside the present moment.
Unlike traditional CBT, mindfulness is not going to attempt to encourage the patient to prevent or substitute addictive behaviours. Instead, mindfulness drives a wedge between cravings as well as their resulting behaviours.
The notion of utilising mindfulness in the combat against addiction was first proposed by American psychologist Professor Alan Marlatt in the early 1980s. Professor Marlatt utilised an early type of mindfulness referred to as Vipassana to aid heavy alcohol and drug users overcome their addiction. During an 8-week period Prof. Marlatt taught addicts how to meditate in the Vipassana tradition. All of the participants were prison inmates. Professor Marlatt’s study showed a marked improvement within the participants’ mental outlook as well as a lowering of substance abuse upon their release from prison.
However, these gains were not sustained as time passes. Professor Marlatt attributed this to the truth that the participants failed to still meditate once they were released from prison.
If you’ve ever taken part in the mindfulness meditation session then it’s easy to image why this activity has potential in helping those who have problems with an addiction. Mindfulness helps the individual to further improve his / her ability to concentrate on emotions while they arise in the present moment. This improved level of attention helps the patient to gain an improved comprehension of her or his addiction triggers, including automatic behaviours that provide life to addictive tendencies.
Guiding patients’ attention to the current moment increases their understanding of their habitual habits and cravings so “uncoupling” of cravings and addictive behaviours usually takes place.For instance, if you would like give up smoking, mindfulness will allow you to recognise the vile nature of inhaling harmful chemicals and therefore inspire you to need to give up. Mindfulness replaces automatic responses with disenchantment to the addictive behaviour. As an example, this woman who attended mindfulness sessions for smoking addiction realised that “cigarettes smells like stinky cheese and tastes like chemicals”. This woman was only able to come to this realisation because of her increased knowledge of her habit gained through completing mindfulness treatment.
Patients achieve a better knowledge of the interior mechanisms that occur between feeling cravings then undertaking addictive behaviours. Patients discover how they think, the things they are thinking and how themselves is feeling before, during and after addictive behaviours transpire. Awareness allows patients to go towards change. Unawareness of such process chain patients with their addiction and mindfulness seeks to reverse this plight. Mindfulness teaches patients these people have a choice not to engage in these automatic addictive behaviours. Mindfulness helps patients to react differently to automatic thoughts, and consequently disengage from addictive behaviours. First and foremost, mindfulness empowers addicts through self-awareness of automatic thought patterns.
Mindfulness will also help people to react to discomfort differently. When an uncomfortable feeling such as a craving or anxiety arises, mindfulness teaches these patients to recognise these discomforts, and observe them non-judgementally, as an alternative to automatically engaging in addictive behaviours.
Furthermore, mindfulness helps patients admit there is a problem and overcome their denial. Mindfulness thus enables patients for a lifetime in recovery.
Since mindfulness teaches the sufferer to take the present moment, it can also help the patient to deal with negative emotions from your distance. This ultimately helps the patients to diffuse negative emotions in ways that does not involve the usage of drugs and alcohol. Patients thus discover how to detach from attributions and “automatic” thoughts that often cause relapse.
If you want to implement mindfulness with your practice, we urge you to definitely adopt the individual-centred or Rogerian strategy to treatment i.e. adopting an accepting and non-judgement outlook that allows you to bond along with your patient and creating an environment of “unconditional acceptance”.
Once you’ve created this environment, you will have to implement various meditation techniques. During meditation, the person must concentrate on an object. This is certainly typically the breath as it is expelled from the nose. This is referred to as mindfulness of breathing. Because the mind wonders, attention needs to be re-focused on the breath dexppky63 it leaves the nose and touches the lips.
Here we list common meditation techniques you may implement:
Body scanning as taught by Jon Kabat-Zinn
Sitting meditations i.e. focused awareness (breathing) and expanding to body, emotion and thought
The above mentioned meditations typically occur in group sessions. Patients receive instructions and perform these meditations alone.
We also recommend you teach the very idea of urge surfing. Urges certainly are a distressing feeling fuelled by way of a build-up of cortisol. This teaches patients that cravings are exactly like waves. Patients are taught to observe the impulse wave mainly because it rises and passes, as opposed to trying to fight or control the craving. This enables the person to discover northern California rehab on their cravings, and weakens the concentration of urges as time passes. Each time you surf the desire the weaker that urge becomes. In the event you consistently surf the urge, the desire could eventually vanish entirely.